Instructional Design Models
Instructional Design Models guide Instructors and teachers on how to facilitate their pedagogical needs to fulfill a project. It gives them a framework to work through thus making the endgame more achievable and in an increasingly efficient way. Instructional Design Models include a vast base of models including the ADDIE model, Ganges 9 Events, SAMR, Merill's First Principles of Instructional, Backward design model, and many more. You will have to look at your project as a principle, teacher, or any type of instructor and choose which model fits your needs for that specific occasion. Instructional Models are very useful and can save a lot of time and hassle while planning an educational project.
Nine Events of Instruction
This model puts together a clear framework on how to make it through that project from start to finish. The Gagnes model was developed by Robert Gagnes. Robert Gagnes was an educational Pyscologist with a keen insight on the Conditions of Learning. He even helped Army pilots develop their trainings during World War II. The Gagnes Assumption states: "Different types of learning exist and that different instructional conditions will bring about these different types of learning. The nine events of Instruction give a well thought out concise framework for any educator looking to develop their own effective training.
Why did I choose 9 Events of Instrcutional Design?
I choose this model mostly because of the flexibility of the model as opposed to others. Sometimes the 9 sections could seem annoying and require too many parts as opposed to some of the other models that might have only 4 such as the Meriill's First Principle of Instrcution model. But as I was looking through the other models and comparing them against the backdrop of the training I was trying to develop, I realized 9 Events was the best choice. With 9 steps taking you all the way from the beginning to the end in detail, you are able to get a nice timeline for your training while still having the freedom to customize the 9 steps to suit your situation. I just didn't see an option like that in the other models such as the SAM model which looks complicated and way too broad with its in-concise 3 part approach. The brainstorming aspects of the iterative design portion and the gathering of knowledge of it's preparation phrase were useless for my trainings needs. The 9 events of instruction is not without its flaws though of course. Having to fulfill 9 steps can make developing the training tedious at times with less freedom. It also has been seen as less inspirational and more boring by some instructional designers. If there are steps that ask for critical thinking, there could be some confusion as to how to fulfill those requirements in that step. But the pros definitely outweigh the cons in my situation.
Real World Applications
Because of the nature of my training, it is very efficient to choose this model for my instructional workshop. The engagement step seems tailor made for my activity of showing Kahoot in action at the beginning of the training and getting everyone involved. The Present and Providing Guidance are a perfect way to get my tutorial video across and show the teachers how to make their very own Kahoots. Eliciting Performance fits in perfectly for when we get hands on and let the teachers work together to make effective Kahoots in real time. And Assessing Performance works nicely with my survey/assessment I plan on giving the teachers at the end of the training. All in all this model fits my needs for an instructional design model for this particular training in almost every way.
Project Based Learning
Learning Design Solution Phase 1
My video presentation on Project Based Learning
Our Makerspace Project
Check n Click. (2014, February 6). elearning. Check n click.com
Gutierrez, Carla. (2018, May 18). A Quick Guide to Four Instructional Design Models. Instructional Design. SHIFT.
Instructional Design Central. (2021). Instructional Design Central. Instructional Design Models.
Thais. (2019, January 25). Mylove4elearning.com. elearning. Robert Gagne and the 9 Events of Instruction.
Active Learning Theories. (2021). Active Learningtheories.weebly.com. Robert Gagnes' Nine Events of Instruction.
Wikipedia. (2021, April 4). Robert M. Gagne. Wikipedia. Biography.